Prosecution evidence The prosecution’s evidence may include witnesses giving evidence in court or having their statements read. The victim of the crime is usually the first person to give evidence. Once you have given your evidence the prosecution will call any other prosecution witnesses that they have. For example, if you told someone about the assault soon afterwards that person may be called to tell the court what you said. This is known as recent complaint evidence. It is one of the few occasions when the court will attach importance to what a victim of crime tells a third party who is not either their doctor or a police officer investigating the case. Each witness will be questioned by the prosecution (examination-in-chief) and then questioned by the defence (cross-examination), and then may be re-examined by the prosecution. The District Judge or magistrates may also ask some questions. Witnesses may produce exhibits such as photographs or CCTV. The police officer in charge of the investigation may read out the defendant’s interview and answer questions about the investigation. If the defence do not dispute a witness’s account, their written statement may be read to the court. This often happens when scientific evidence (such as the presence of DNA) is not disputed by the defence or when medical evidence is not contested. Another way for undisputed evidence to be presented to the court is by admissions. Admissions are formal agreements between the prosecution and defence, which are put in writing and read to the court. They relate to facts in the case that both sides agree on. In certain limited circumstances a statement can be read to the court where the defendant does not consent (e.g. where the witness does not testify because of fear). At the end of the prosecution’s case, when all evidence against the defendant has been heard, the prosecutor will tell the court that she or he has reached the end of the prosecution case.